Department of Commerce Finds Foil from China Benefiting from Government Subsidies
ARLINGTON, VA – Today, the U.S. Department of Commerce announced its preliminary determination that imports of certain aluminum foil from China are benefiting from unfair government subsidies. As a result, the agency will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) to require U.S. importers of aluminum foil from China to deposit estimated countervailing duties at the time of importation.
“The association and its foil-producing members are very pleased with the Commerce Department’s finding and we greatly appreciate Secretary Ross’s leadership in enforcing U.S. trade laws to combat unfair practices,” said Heidi Brock, President and CEO of the Aluminum Association. “This is an important step to begin restoring a level playing field for U.S. aluminum foil production, an industry that supports more than 20,000 direct, indirect, and induced American jobs, and accounts for $6.8 billion in economic activity. U.S. aluminum foil producers are among the most competitive producers in the world, but they cannot compete against products that are subsidized by the Chinese government and sold at unfairly low prices.”
The Commerce Department’s determination follows the filing, on March 9, 2017, of antidumping and countervailing duty petitions by The Aluminum Association’s Trade Enforcement Working Group, marking the first time the Aluminum Association has filed unfair trade cases on behalf of its members in its nearly 85-year history. As a result of allegations in the petition, the Commerce Department is investigating 26 different subsidy programs maintained by the Government of China.
Based on information gathered to date, the Commerce Department calculated preliminary subsidy margins ranging from 16.56 to 80.97 percent of the value of the imported aluminum foil. In particular, the Commerce Department calculated subsidy margins of 16.56 and 28.33 percent, respectively, for Jiangsu Zhongji Lamination Materials Co., Ltd. and Hangzhou Dingsheng Import & Export Co., Ltd. and its affiliates, which the Department selected for mandatory, company-specific investigation. In addition, the Commerce Department assigned a preliminary subsidy margin of 80.97 percent to shipments of aluminum foil by Loften Aluminium (Hong Kong) Limited and Manakin Industries, LLC, which the agency found to be uncooperative as they failed to participate to the best of their ability in the investigation after being selected as mandatory respondents. Finally, the Department calculated a subsidy margin of 22.45 percent for all other Chinese producers and exporters that cooperated in the Department’s investigation, but were not selected for individual investigation.
The next step in this trade action will be the Commerce Department’s issuance of its preliminary antidumping duty determination, which is scheduled to be announced on Thursday, October 5, 2017. If an affirmative preliminary antidumping determination is issued by the Commerce Department, U.S. importers will be required to post cash deposits or bonds on all entries of aluminum foil from China in the amount of the subsidy and dumping margin calculated by the agency.
Imports of aluminum foil from China increased by nearly 40 percent between 2014 and 2016. China was the largest supplier of aluminum foil to the U.S. market in 2016, accounting for more than 70 percent of all imports. The U.S. aluminum foil industry supports more than 20,000 direct, indirect, and induced American jobs and $6.8 billion in economic activity.
The aluminum foil subject to the Commerce Department’s investigation includes all imports from China of aluminum foil that is less than 0.2 mm in thickness (less than 0.0078 inches) in reels weighing more than 25 pounds and that is not backed, etched for use in capacitors, or cut to shape. The aluminum foil subject to the investigations is used in a variety of consumer and industrial applications, with specific uses that include: household foil, flexible and semi-rigid cookware, product packaging, automotive and HVAC heat exchangers, among other common uses.
The Aluminum Association Trade Enforcement Working Group is represented in these actions by John M. Herrmann, Paul C. Rosenthal, Kathleen W. Cannon, and Grace W. Kim of the law firm Kelley Drye & Warren LLP.
About the Aluminum Association
The Aluminum Association represents aluminum production and jobs in the United States, ranging from primary production to value added products to recycling, as well as suppliers to the industry. The Association is the industry’s leading voice, providing global standards, business intelligence, sustainability research and industry expertise to member companies, policymakers and the general public. The aluminum industry helps manufacturers produce sustainable and innovative products, including more fuel efficient vehicles, recyclable packaging, greener buildings and modern electronics. In the U.S., the aluminum industry creates $186 billion in economic activity. For more information visit www.Aluminum.org, on Twitter @AluminumNews or at Facebook.com/AluminumAssociation.