Because the production of primary aluminum is inherently energy intensive, the availability and reliability of U.S. energy sources is essential to the industry’s international competitiveness. The aluminum industry has made substantial gains in energy efficiency as part of the manufacturing process, and the federal government can help create a positive, reliable and unbiased climate for capital investment in new and existing plants, buildings and equipment. Aluminum producers are committed to energy efficiency as a way to lower costs and lessen environmental impact. Producing recycled aluminum requires only about 7 percent of the energy needed to produce new, or primary, aluminum. The growth of secondary aluminum production is therefore a win-win for both industry and consumers.