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North American Aluminum Demand Down 3.9% in 2023, Driven by Decline in Imports

Data Shows Early Signs of Demand Recovery

As part of its monthly Aluminum Situation statistical report, the Aluminum Association released preliminary estimates showing a 3.9% contraction in year-over-year demand for the aluminum industry in North America (shipments by producers in the U.S. and Canada plus imports) in 2023. Industry demand recovered slightly in the 4th quarter and ended the year close to 2021 results. The majority of this demand decline was driven by a drop in imports of around one-quarter in 2023 while domestic producer shipments (ingot + mill products) held essentially steady. Meanwhile, the association’s Index of Net New Orders of Aluminum Mill Products hit 114.5 in January 2024 (baseline index of 100), its highest level since June 2022.

“While North American demand declined slightly in 2023 following strong results in 2022, this latest data shows early signs of recovery,” said Charles Johnson, president & CEO of the Aluminum Association. “With historic U.S. aluminum manufacturing investment, steady domestic shipments and continued growth opportunities in many of our key markets, the trendlines for U.S. aluminum remain strong.”

North American Demand for Aluminum chart

Among key takeaways from the report:

  • Aluminum demand in the United States and Canada (shipments by domestic producers plus imports) totaled an estimated 26,271 million pounds in 2023, compared to the 2022 total of 27,337 million pounds.
  • Since 2009, the domestic aluminum industry has enjoyed a 2.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR).
  • In January 2024, the association’s Index of Net New Orders of Aluminum Mill Products (baseline index of 100) hit 114.5 – its highest level since June 2022.
  • Electrical wire & cable saw 12.1% year-over-year demand growth as the electrical infrastructure market remains strong. 
  • In total, semi-fabricated – or “mill” – product demand declined 9.2% year-over-year in 2023.
  • Imports of aluminum ingot and mill products into the North America (US and Canada) have fallen 26.3% through year end 2023. 
  • Exports of aluminum ingot and mill products from the U.S. and Canada (excluding cross border trade) increased 25.6% in 2023.

Since 2013, Aluminum Association member companies have announced more than $10 billion in investments for domestic manufacturing operations. More than half of that investment has been announced since 2021 – thanks to demand for sustainable packaging, safe and efficient vehicles, greener buildings and vital infrastructure

The Aluminum Situation report is one of more than two-dozen ongoing industry statistical reports developed exclusively by the Aluminum Association through surveys of aluminum producers, fabricators and recyclers. Subscribers to the Aluminum Association statistical reports have access to an online portal with data users can manipulate directly to produce interactive, presentation-ready charts and graphs.
To learn more about the Aluminum Association’s statistical offerings or to subscribe, visit

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About The Aluminum Association
The Aluminum Association represents the full value chain of aluminum production and jobs in the United States, including companies that make 70% of the aluminum and aluminum products shipped in North America. The association is the industry’s leading voice, developing global standards, business intelligence, sustainability research and industry expertise for member companies, policymakers and the general public. Aluminum helps manufacturers make good products great and great products even better – from fuel-efficient vehicles and sustainable packaging to the infrastructure of tomorrow and more. The industry supports $228 billion in economic activity and nearly 700,000 jobs in the United States. Aluminum companies have invested more than $10 billion in U.S. manufacturing over the past decade to capture next generation growth. For more information, visit

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