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Global Aluminum Associations Welcome New OECD Analysis of the Climate Impact of Subsidies Across Aluminum Supply Chains

Global aluminum associations release joint statement

The aluminum associations of the United States, Europe, Canada and Japan welcome a new report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), The climate implications of government support in aluminum smelting and steelmaking.

The report examines current government support provided to aluminum smelting and steelmaking firms. It finds that support has both increased output and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the two sectors and shifted production to less efficient and higher GHG emitting plants, most notably in China and India. The report also highlights the expected benefits of alternative support measures that target the development and adoption of new climate technologies that are essential for the transition to net zero emissions (NZE) globally. 

The OECD report simulates removing existing government support and estimates that doing so would decrease global GHG emissions by 1%, while reducing global output by just 0.3%. These results are driven by China and India, which account for 96% and 89% of the emissions and output reductions, respectively. This is largely because China and India have a ratio of support to output between 1.8 and 7 times the world average, and GHG emission intensities that are one and a half to three times larger than in OECD economies.

In welcoming the report, Charles Johnson, President & CEO of The Aluminum Association; Paul Voss, Director General of European Aluminium; Jean Simard, President & CEO of the Aluminium Association of Canada; and Yasushi Noto, Executive Director of the Japan Aluminium Association emphasized: 

“The report highlights that addressing excessive subsidies and thereby ensuring a level playing field globally can be a cost-effective strategy to reduce emissions in hard-to-abate sectors like aluminum. Across aluminum supply chains today, high levels of support in China displace output from lower GHG emitting production systems, resulting in a much higher carbon footprint globally. Removing such harmful support is an essential element of the aluminum industry making the transition to net zero emissions globally.”

“Finding the right balance between government support and private sector spending on research, development and technology adoption at industrial scale is key to enabling a viable aluminum industry pathway to a sustainable future. The transition to NZE globally will require massive new investments, but the costs cannot be borne by governments alone. Additional private sector investments in electricity decarbonization, near zero GHG emission smelting systems, and near 100% aluminum recycling rates are also needed. These investments are contingent on aluminum markets being fair, open to competition and free of aggressive state capitalism.”

“On behalf of our member companies and the 1.75 million workers they directly and indirectly support across the United States, Europe, Canada and Japan, we are fully committed to working with international organizations and with governments to ensure that responsibly and sustainably produced aluminum contributes to a clean energy economy globally.”

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About The Aluminum Association
The Aluminum Association represents the full value chain of aluminum production and jobs in the United States, including companies that make 70% of the aluminum and aluminum products shipped in North America. The association is the industry’s leading voice, developing global standards, business intelligence, sustainability research and industry expertise for member companies, policymakers and the general public. Aluminum helps manufacturers make good products great and great products even better – from fuel-efficient vehicles and sustainable packaging to the infrastructure of tomorrow and more. The industry supports $228 billion in economic activity and nearly 700,000 jobs in the United States. Aluminum companies have invested more than $10 billion in U.S. manufacturing over the past decade to capture next generation growth. For more information, visit

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